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The Sardar Sarovar Project (Narmada River)

The Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada River is a long-standing project which was officially started in the early 1960s. It has been mired in controversy since then. First, the project was stalled for a long time by the lack of agreement among the three States concerned by the project. Second, after the agreement found among the three States in the form of a final order of the Narmada Water Dispute Tribunal in 1979, the dam received funding from the World Bank which led to the emergence of a first period of activism by local people under the leadership of the Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA). Thirdly, following the withdrawal of the World Bank in 1993, the NBA attempted to use existing legal avenues at the national level by filing a public interest litigation in the Supreme Court. Fourthly, following the judgement of 2000 wherein the Supreme Court provided that the dam should be built as long as resettlement and rehabilitation was effectively undertaken, the debate has now shifted both to the narrow issue of compliance with the court judgment and back to a political struggle.

 
 
   

IELRC has been involved in the Sardar Sarovar Dam Case for a decade and has contributed its legal expertise to NBA in various forms and forums. This page includes some of the salient documents of the case concerning the Sardar Sarovar Dam on the Narmada River:

  • The Supreme Court 2000 majority and minority judgments,

  • The review petition order of 2001, and

  • The April 2004 record of proceedings concerning the raising of the dam to 110 metres.

  • The Grievance Redressal Authority, MP (Order of 11/09/2004)

  • The decision of the Supreme Court of India, 15 March 2005

For further information on the Sardar Sarovar project and analysis of the judgments and other aspects of the project, please see our Human Rights in India publications which you can reach by clicking on the appropriate link on the left-hand side.

 


Sanjay Parikh and S. Muralidhar, advocates for villagers from Picchodi and Jalsindhi, honoured by the petitioners in the Narmada Valley following the Supreme Court order of 15 March 2005

 
   

Books

Philippe Cullet ed., The Sardar Sarovar Dam Project: Selected Documents (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007). [ more info ]

Selected Documents

 

ORDER OF 8 FEBRUARY 2017 (NARMADA BACHAO ANDOLAN V. UNION OF INDIA)

source: Supreme Court of India, Record of Proceedings
date: 2017
full text PDF size: 1922 [KB]
 

Kachchh Jal Sankat Nivaran Samiti v. Gujarat, 2013

source: Supreme Court of India, Judgment of 15 July 2013
date: 2013
full text PDF size: 197 [KB]
 

Kachchh Jal Sankat Nivaran Samiti v. Gujarat, 2011

source: Supreme Court of India, Order of 22 July 2011 in I.A. No. 5 of 2011.
date: 2011
full text PDF size: 54 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan vs. State of Madhya Pradesh, 2009

source: High Court of Madhya Pradesh, Writ Petition No. 14765/2007, Order of 12.11.2009
date: 2009
full text PDF size: 41 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan V. State of Madhya Pradesh and Ors., 2008

source: High Court of Madhya Pradesh
date: 2008
full text PDF size: 57 [KB]
 

Judgement of 10 July 2007 (National Council for Civil Liberties v. Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India
date: 2007
full text PDF size: 58 [KB]
 

The Sardar Sarovar Dam Project: An Overview

source: P. Cullet ed., Sardar Sarovar Dam Project: Selected Documents (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), p.1-40
date: 2007
full text PDF size: 330 [KB]
 

Medha Patkar V. State of M.P. and Anr., 2007

source: High Court of Madhya Pradesh
date: 2007
full text PDF size: 69 [KB]
 

Application for Directions (Declared Oustees), Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India

source: Supreme Court of India
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 76 [KB]
 

Application for Directions (Undeclared Oustees), Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India

source: Supreme Court of India
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 126 [KB]
 

Note on the Assessment of Resettlement and Rehabilitation (Sardar Sarovar)

source: Group of Ministers, Note of 9 April 2006
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 41 [KB]
 

Order of 17 April 2006 (Narmada Bachao Andolan v. Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India, Record of Proceedings
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 35 [KB]
 

Constitution of the Sardar Sarovar Project Relief & Rehabilitation Oversight Group

source: Office Order (Government of India, Ministry of Water Resources)
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 31 [KB]
 

Order of 8 May 2006 (Narmada Bachao Andolan v. Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India, Record of Proceedings
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 36 [KB]
 

Rejoinder on Behalf of the Applicants to the Counter Affidavits of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra

source: Supreme Court of India (Writ Petition (Civil) No. 328 of 2002)
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 134 [KB]
 

Report of the Sardar Sarovar Project Relief and Rehabilitation Oversight Group on the Status of Rehabilitation of Project Affected Families in Madhya Pradesh (Shunglu Committee)

source: Status of Rehabilitation of Project Affected Families in Madhya Pradesh, July 2006
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 2002 [KB]
 

Order of 10 July 2006 (Narmada Bachao Andolan v. Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India, Record of Proceedings
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 21 [KB]
 

Resettlement and Rehabilitation Sub-group, Clearance for Construction up to 121.92 Metres

source: Narmada Control Authority, Resettlement and Rehabilitation Sub-group
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 46 [KB]
 

Narmada Control Authority, Clearance for Construction up to 121.92 Metres

source: Narmada Control Authority
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 39 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan vs. Narmada Hydro-Electric Development Co.

source: High Court of Madhya Pradesh at Jabalpur, Order of 8 September 2006
date: 2006
full text PDF size: 217 [KB]
 

Judgment of 15 March 2005 (Narmada Bachao Andolan v Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India, Judgment of 15 March 2005
date: 2005
full text PDF size: 76 [KB]
 

Kachchh Jal Sankat Nivaran Samiti v. Gujarat

source: High Court of Gujarat, Judgment of 4 October 2005
date: 2005
full text PDF size: 76 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India (110 metres)

source: Supreme Court of India, Record of Proceedings, 16 April 2004
date: 2004
full text PDF size: 197 [KB]
 

Order of the Grievance Redressal Authority

source: Grievance Redressal Authority, Madhya Pradesh
date: 2004
full text PDF size: 44 [KB]
 

In Re: Arundhati Roy.... Contemner

source: Supreme Court of India, Judgment of 06 March 2002, Contempt Petition (crl.) 10 of 2001
date: 2002
full text PDF size: 69 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India (Petition 328 of 2002)

source: Order of 9 September 2002
date: 2002
full text PDF size: 31 [KB]
 

Along the Narmada - Jan Sunwai

source: Working Paper 2002-1
date: 2002
full text PDF size: 526 [KB]
 

Review Order (Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India, Order, 29 March 2001
date: 2001
full text PDF size: 190 [KB]
 

Proposal for Amending the Terms of Resettlement and Rehabilitation under NWDT

source: Narmada Valley Development Authority
date: 2001
full text PDF size: 33 [KB]
 

Consideration of Proposal for Special Rehabilitation Package

source: Narmada Control Authority
date: 2001
full text PDF size: 37 [KB]
 

Terms of Special Rehabilitation Package

source: Narmada Valley Development Department
date: 2001
full text PDF size: 33 [KB]
 

Justice S.M. Daud Report

source: Committee to Assist the Resettlement and Rehabilitation of the Sardar Sarovar Project-Affected Persons
date: 2001
full text PDF size: 70 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India (minority judgment)

source: Supreme Court of India, Judgment, 18 October 2000 (Judge Bharuch)
date: 2000
full text PDF size: 65 [KB]
 

Narmada Bachao Andolan versus Union of India (Majority Judgment)

source: Supreme Court of India, Judgment, 18 October 2000
date: 2000
full text PDF size: 233 [KB]
 

NBA v. Union of India (Affidavit of the State of Madhya Pradesh)

source: Supreme Court of India, Affidavit of 6 July 2000
date: 2000
full text PDF size: 39 [KB]
 

Notification Setting up the Grievances Redressal Authority of Madhya Pradesh

source: Government of Madhya Pradesh, Narmada Valley Development Department
date: 2000
full text PDF size: 39 [KB]
 

Review Petition (NBA v. Union of India)

source: Review Petition, Narmada Bachao Andolan v. Union of India and Others, Writ Petition (Civil) No. 319 of 1994, Supreme Court of India
date: 2000
full text PDF size: 73 [KB]
 

Sardar Sarovar (Narmada) Project: Detailed Action Plan for Resettlement & Rehabilitation (R&R) of the Project Affected Families (PAFs) for EL 100.0M., 2000

source: Narmada Control Authority, 2000
date: 2000
full text PDF size: 1992 [KB]
 

NBA v. Union of India (Order of 7 May 1999)

source: Supreme Court, Order of 7 May 1999 (3 metre humps)
date: 1999
full text PDF size: 24 [KB]
 

NBA v. Union of India (Order of 18 February 1999)

source: Supreme Court, Order of 18 February 1999 (raising dam to 85 metres)
date: 1999
full text PDF size: 27 [KB]
 

Decisions Taken in the Meeting of Chief Ministers Convened by Prime Minister (Sardar Sarovar)

source: Brief Record of Decisions Taken in the Meeting Convened by the Honourable Prime Minister
date: 1996
full text PDF size: 31 [KB]
 

Order of 5 May 1995 - interim measures (NBA v. Union of India)

source: Supreme Court of India
date: 1995
full text PDF size: 32 [KB]
 

Pradip D. Prabhu v. State of Maharashtra

source: Supreme Court of India
date: 1995
full text PDF size: 36 [KB]
 

Project Completion Report (Sardar Sarovar)

source: World Bank
date: 1995
full text PDF size: 65 [KB]
 

Operations Evaluation Department, Memorandum to Executive Directors (Sardar Sarovar)

source: World Bank
date: 1995
full text PDF size: 44 [KB]
 

Further Report of the Five Member Group on Certain Issues Relating to the Sardar Sarovar Project

source: Ramaswamy R. Iyer, L.C. Jain, V.C. Kulandaiswamy & Vasant Gowariker
date: 1995
full text PDF size: 252 [KB]
 

Office Memorandum from Ibrahim F.I. Shihata concerning ‘Narmada’

source: World Bank - Office Memorandum
date: 1994
full text PDF size: 31 [KB]
 

Report of the Fact Finding Team that Visited Narmada Valley and Relocation Sites in July 1994

source: Usha Ramanathan, Rita Manchanda & Krishan Mahajan
date: 1994
full text PDF size: 65 [KB]
 

Report of the Five Member Group to Discuss Various Issues Relating to the Sardar Sarovar Project

source: Report of the Five Member Group set up by the Ministry of Water Resources to Discuss Various Issues Relating to the Sardar Sarovar Project
date: 1994
full text PDF size: 153 [KB]
 

Comments on the Report of the Independent Review Session on Sardar Sarovar Project

source: Government of Gujarat
date: 1992
full text PDF size: 159 [KB]
 

Drinking Water from Sardar Sarovar Project

source: Narmada Control Authority, NCA Publication No. 3/91, 1991
date: 1991
full text PDF size: 26 [KB]
 

B.D. Sharma v. Union of India

source: Supreme Court, Order of 9 August 1991
date: 1991
full text PDF size: 35 [KB]
 

Conditional Planning Commission Clearance (Sardar Sarovar)

source: Planning Commission
date: 1988
full text PDF size: 32 [KB]
 

Conditional Environmental Clearance (Sardar Sarovar)

source: Ministry of Environment and Forests
date: 1987
full text PDF size: 31 [KB]
 

Forest Clearance (Sardar Sarovar)

source: Ministry of Environment and Forests
date: 1987
full text PDF size: 37 [KB]
 

Environmental Aspects of Narmada Sagar and Sardar Sarovar Multi-purpose Projects

source: Department of Environment & Forests
date: 1986
full text PDF size: 50 [KB]
 

Gujarat Project Agreement (Narmada River Development (Gujarat) Water Delivery and Drainage Project)

source: International Development Association and State of Gujarat
date: 1985
full text PDF size: 60 [KB]
 

Madhya Pradesh Project Agreement (Narmada River Development (Gujarat) Sardar Sarovar Dam and Power Project)

source: International Development Association and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and State of Madhya Pradesh
date: 1985
full text PDF size: 52 [KB]
 

Guidelines for Environmental Impact Assessment of River Valley Projects

source: Department of Environment, Ministry of Environment and Forests
date: 1985
full text PDF size: 60 [KB]
 

Constitution of the Narmada Control Authority

source: Ministry of Irrigation
date: 1980
full text PDF size: 57 [KB]
 

Narmada Water Disputes Tribunal

source: Final Order and Decision of the Tribunal, 1979
date: 1979
full text PDF size: 77 [KB]
 

Agreement between Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan

source: Narmada Water Dispute, 12 July 1974
date: 1974
full text PDF size: 31 [KB]