Videh Upadhyay has been an environment and development lawyer for over ten years. His practice covers water and sanitation; irrigation; rural water supply; floods and disaster management, forest management; decentralized governance mechanisms including Panchayat Raj Institutions; biodiversity conservation and livelihood improvement projects, access to justice programmes, human right and environment linkages, legislation in tribal areas, marine and coastal environment and adequate and sustainable housing and development in urban areas.

He has been advising Union Ministries in the central government, various state governments, UN bodies and other national and international agencies. He has been a legal consultant to Ministry of Environment and Forests, United Nation Development Programme (UNDP), Asian Development Bank, National Institute of Rural Development and International organizations like the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) of the United Nations, Department of International Development, UK, University of Cambridge and the University of Birmingham, amongst others. Videh has also been engaged in law making for state governments. He has drafted legislation especially relating to water users association, irrigation management and amendments providing statutory footing to rural local bodies.

Videh was a founding partner of the Enviro Legal Defence Firm. He has been a Visiting Fellow, Centre For Law and Governance, Jawaharlal University (JNU), New Delhi and was also an India Visiting Fellow in International Environment and Development Law at Boalt Hall School of Law, University of California, Berkeley and at the Golden Gate University, San Francisco, USA. Videh has also authored four books. He has co-authored "Forest Laws, Wildlife Laws and Environment; Water Laws, Air Laws and Environment"; and "Environment Protection, Land and the Energy Laws"; for Lexis Nexis- Butterworths-India (2002) and also wrote the volume "Public Interest Litigation" for the Halsbury's Laws of India, Lexis Nexis Butterworths (2005).