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Le Centre de recherche en droit international de l’environnement est un centre de recherche indépendant se concentrant en particulier sur les problématiques de droit international et comparé de l’environnement, ceci avec une attention particulière pour l’Inde et l’Afrique de l’est.

L’objectif de l’IELRC est de contribuer à la mise en place de cadres légaux et institutionnels permettant de promouvoir une gestion durable de l’environnement dans les pays en développement et selon un contexte international équitable. [plus d’informations]


Quoi de neuf à IELRC.org ?

 
   

Tribune de P. Cullet dans The Stateman, 'Why Delhi Must Think Beyond Water ATMs’. Lire l’article complet ici.

 
   

Prof. Philippe Cullet a été invité à rejoindre trois comités du Ministère de l’eau du gouvernement indien mandaté pour préparer trois nouvelles lois sur l’eau, une loi cadre au niveau national, une loi modèle sur les eaux souterraines et une loi sur la gestion des bassins de rivière. Un appel à commentaires peut être trouvé [sur ce lien]

 
   

Bourse pour doctorant à SOAS Université de Londres pour un projet Mines, Terres et Eau en droit: Pour des résultats durables et équitable. Nouvelle opportunité pour un(e) doctorant(e) en droit désirant travailler sur ce sujet en co-supervision à SOAS et Birkbeck. Pour plus d’information, suivre ce lien.

 
   

Publication de Sanitation Law and Policy in India – An Introduction to Basic Instruments sous la direction de Philippe Cullet et Lovleen Bhullar. Il s’agit du premier livre donnant une vision complète des différentes dimensions du droit lié à l’assainissement en Inde, une contribution importante dans le contexte de l’intérêt croissant pour ce sujet [informations détaillées (en anglais)]

 
   

Dernières contributions

Veuillez noter qu’une liste exhaustive de nos articles et contributions est accessible ici,  de nos ouvrages ici, de nos documents de travail ici et qu’une liste complète de tout les documents publiés sur le présent site, incluant ceux mentionnés ci-dessus, de même que les documents d’information, les articles d’actualité, les dossiers spéciaux ainsi que tous les autres documents peuvent être consultés ici.

 

 
 

Groundwater Law, Abstraction, and Responding to Climate Change - assessing recent law reforms in British Columbia and England

In 2014, British Columbia enacted the Water Sustainability Act, a comprehensive overhaul of its ground and surface water regimes. Meanwhile, in England more piecemeal changes have been made to existing groundwater laws and policies. Through developing a framework from groundwater governance and climate change adaptation literature this paper analyses the effectiveness of these reforms, which have been carried out through different methods and from different starting points. The paper goes on to considers how new processes and technologies, such as hydraulic fracturing (fracking), bring fresh challenges in aligning progress in groundwater law reforms with the wider policy framework.

     
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Regulating the Interactions Between Climate Change and Groundwater: Lessons from India

Groundwater is often considered a largely local issue that is difficult to regulate. Further, groundwater regulation has often focused on use, rather than protection and conservation. There has thus been little integration of environmental concerns into groundwater regulation. Climate change calls for rethinking the regulatory framework for protecting and regulating groundwater. In India, the climate change regime has not given groundwater adequate prominence. Conversely, groundwater regulation remains largely detached from environmental challenges, including climate change. This needs to be addressed through regulation that links the two fields and is based on legal principles derived from the Constitution of India.

     
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Right to Sanitation in India: Nature and Scope

In 2014, the Government of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), its flagship programme on sanitation. This has triggered a significant momentum in the sanitation sector in India. Although the SBM is more or less a continuation of the erstwhile policy framework on sanitation in India (the Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan in the rural sanitation context), it did manage to bring sanitation to the forefront in the agenda of implementation agencies. The state machinery including the machinery at the local level has started focussing more on implementation of sanitation policies and programmes. Achievement of open defecation free status has all of a sudden become a target for the state governments and local bodies...

     
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Gender Issues in Electoral Politics in Kenya: The Unrealized Constitutional Promise

The road to gender equality has been long and arduous for Kenyan women’s movement. While progress has been made over time, a lot remains to be done in the area of representation in elective and appointive positions. Up to 2010, the Constitution and law were cited as the biggest obstacles in the way of gender equality. The promulgation of the Constitution of Kenya 2010 contains very robust equality, non-discrimination and participation provisions. However, it did not provide clear implementation mechanisms for the affirmative action provisions for women’s representation. It was hoped that the promulgation of this constitution would ensure gender equality. However, the promulgation and enactment laws is not sufficient. In the area of electoral politics, while the number of women in Parliament has increased, compliance with the constitutional rule of ‘not more than two thirds of the same gender’ remains a challenge because of the absence of mechanisms to ensure adherence. Not surprisingly, the earliest court matters and advisory opinions sought on the Constitution related to gender equality. It is against this background that this Chapter analyzes the promise of gender equality and non-discrimination in electoral politics. Contextualizing the issue within history, women’s struggles and the road to the Constitution of Kenya 2010, the authors identify critical milestones highlighting the role of the women’s movement. This provides the backdrop against which the 2013 elections are discussed. The authors also navigate the political and social manoeuvres that have surrounded attempts to meet the two thirds gender rule. The Chapter looks at how women fared in the 2013 elections -nominations, campaigns; the voting process; and the results of the first elections under the Constitution. The authors use gender analysis to illustrate how that politics remain a citadel of male political dominance noting that given the nature of Kenyan society, affirmative action measures and quotas remain the most effective pathways towards gender equality in electoral politics. The authors discuss disputes that have arisen noting the lack of canvassing of the gender question as a substantive issue to buttress the point that discussions on gender in Kenya are still at the periphery. They decry the dearth of bold, transformative and path-breaking jurisprudence on the substantive gender question in electoral politics in Kenya, which in their view is what is needed to alter the political playing field and the rules of the game. In conclusion, the authors argue that in no country has gender representation in politics been achieved through the promulgation of laws alone, highlighting the need for effective implementation mechanisms; incentives for actors to follow through; and sanctions meted against those who do not comply.

     
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Revamping the Groundwater Legal Regime in India: Towards Ensuring Equity and Sustainability

The evolution of a separate groundwater law in India is a relatively new development. This development marks a shift from the dated common law rule that recognises the uncontrolled right of landowners over groundwater, which perpetuated gross inequity in accessing groundwater by restricting access only to landowners. In this context, framing of new groundwater laws is seen as a key step towards addressing the aggravating problems of depletion and contamination of groundwater along with eliminating inequity in accessing groundwater. Access to groundwater is also directly related to the realisation of the right to water because groundwater is the most important source for drinking and other domestic purposes. Therefore, a legal framework ensuring sustainable use of, and equitable access to, groundwater will have tremendous impact and influence on the effective realisation of the right to water in the Indian context. In this background, this article examines the capacity of the existing and evolving groundwater law in India to ensure equity, sustainability and realisation of the right to water. This article also highlights the gaps in the existing legal framework in this regard and suggests basic principles, norms and approaches that should form the underlying elements of the groundwater legal regime to make it capable of ensuring sustainability, equity and human rights.

     
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